Cavities are formed when a lesion of the mouth secretes pus and forms a cavity. When there is a gap in the tooth, tiny particles of food and food debris begin to fill up the lesion. This in turn eats away at the tooth, which eventually creates a cavitation. A cavity can be one of the most common reasons for toothaches or a toothache. read also about: Surgical instruments
When a cavity becomes a problem, the most common method of treating it is by drilling a hole into the tooth and filling the cavity with tooth material. Most fillings and crowns are coated with a very thin layer of cement, which prevents decay from continuing.
This is the easiest and fastest way to treat a cavity. The other two methods are effective but long-term. With dentures, it is difficult to hold on to the tooth and keep it stable while drilling into the tooth. The power is turned on and there is risk of the denture coming off and the tooth falling out. Sometimes, the surgeon will even use a dental drill with a special clamp to hold on to the denture, but this is still a long-term solution and involves a lot of responsibility.
The other method of treating cavities is by replacing the tooth with a tooth-colored filling. This process is often called porcelain veneers and involves the surgeon removing a small amount of the tooth and replacing it with a clear, ceramic or plastic shell. This also means that the patient has to come back for a checkup several times and undergo more dental procedures.
Who Can Be Affected By Cavities
Dentures can be affected by dental cavities as well as untreated teeth. Any of the following are high risk for cavities or teeth troubles, especially cavities:
Teeth naturally start to become irregular and appear crooked. Cavities can be very common in children and can cause toothaches, particularly when a child bites down on something hard, such as a piece of pizza, chips, or an ice cream cone. Cavities in children often have a brown color, so parents should check the teeth immediately after eating. Young children are especially at risk for decay because they haven’t yet learned how to clean their teeth properly.
The elderly suffer from many health problems that can affect their teeth. Dental problems can lead to gum disease, which can cause even more health problems and weakened teeth. Gum disease in the elderly can cause bad breath, bleeding, loose teeth, sore gums, and even gum disease can damage the tooth enamel and lead to other health problems.
Common dental procedures for treating cavities include:
Decorating fillings with a hard substance like a new porcelain-like coating.
Installing a new permanent tooth on a tooth that has been broken down with decay.
Crowns and bridges
How are dental fillings treated?
Extensively decayed teeth with cavities can only be saved by replacing the tooth with a new one. These fillings are made of durable material and the porcelain coating can last for the rest of the patient’s life. The old filling is typically removed after a cleaning, but it is important that the patient doesn’t have to come back for this. Usually, an old filling is then replaced with a new one.
Complete restoration of teeth involves replacing all the remaining tooth structure with an artificial tooth that looks just like a natural tooth. This takes a great deal of preparation and time, but it is a possibility for denture patients. However, this treatment does cost more than tooth fillings.
When is the best time to get a dental procedure?
All dental procedures are time-sensitive and can be done anytime that the dentist deems necessary. In general, dental health experts recommend getting a cleaning every three to six months.
The most common dental treatment for cavities is to make a filling that matches the color of the tooth. A cavity that is only brown in color can be filled with a porcelain.
For teeth that are red or yellow, a dentist might fill in the cavity using a tooth colored filling. Often, a temporary filling is placed in between the tooth and the metal fillings. This is only a temporary solution, though, so an infection can happen if the temporary filling is not removed in time. Also, the fillings can easily break if the patient bites down hard on something.
Cavities can be prevented by using the dentist’s advice. Treating tooth decay can help keep teeth in good health and help them look shiny and healthy.