To achieve the goal of the 86th constitutional amendment that compels the Right to Education, the Education Ministry launched the Nipun Bharat Mission under New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020). The Mission was launched in India as an integral part of Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan to make sure that universal possession of foundational literacy and numeracy for all children by Grade 3.
In addition, the Mission aims to improve school effectiveness assessed in terms of uniform opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes. The Mission involves four schemes viz. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Teacher Education (CSSTE).Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Saakshar Bharat.
Why Did the Government Launch the Scheme?
This scheme aims for each child in India to get foundational numeracy and literacy by the completion of Grade 3. This Mission pays attention to transforming the traditional monotonous education system into a congenial, integrated, captivating, and engaging one. It tells teachers or facilitators to prepare a study lesson plan that expands the students’ literary and basic language skills.
Besides, being a part of Smagra Siksha retains students until their foundational learning is achieved, improves learning modules, increases teacher capacity, and tracks each child’s educational progress. The Mission plans to attain the desired goals by 2026-27.
Key Characteristics of the Mission
The focal point of the Nipun Bharat Mission will be on children of age group between 3 to 9 years comprising preschool to Grade 3. The children of Grades 4 and 5 who have not acquired the foundational skills will be provided individual facilitator support and guidance, peer support, and age-appropriate and supplementary graded training materials to learn the necessary competencies.
The overall budget for the policy was around Rs 2,688 crores for Fiscal Year 2021-22. A scheme’s focus on Numeracy and Foundational Literacy has proven to be evolving for developing countries such as the Philippines, Kenya, Brazil, and South Africa. Brazil, Kenya, and South Africa by the launch of missions primarily focusing on developing the Foundational Literacy and Numeracy levels of the children of primary schools.
The Mission strives to escalate the efficiency and learning skills of children. For example, after passing class three, a child must be able to read at least 60 words per minute of a text appropriately. The goals of this scheme are like the goal for Literacy Foundation and Numeracy.
The Yojna (Policy) has shifted Lakshyas from Balvatika to class three to create awareness of this target among volunteers, guardians, the community, etc. Lakshyas are established on the recommendations of international research as well as ORF studies.
The NCERT proposes the curriculum similarly. It comes after a five-tier implementation appliance set at the National- State- District- Block- School degree in all States and UTs. NIPUN scheme proposes a unique conglomeration for FLN under NISHTHA. As per this plan, the pre-primary to primary grade teachers will do the training.
Outcomes of the Mission
Nipun Bharat Mission expects the outcome that it will be:
- Develop children’s foundational skills, which will decrease the number of dropouts.
- Increase the number of students qualifying for the primary, upper primary, and secondary levels.
- It visualizes a developed education quality because of conducive and experiential learning.
- Involve unique toy-based and other pedagogies or activity-based teaching to make the sessions entertaining and interesting.
- Do a training module that aims to develop physical and motor skills, emotional as well as social skills, numeracy, literacy, life skills, cognitive numeracy, and more.
- Highlight the holistic development of a child, which will be reported in records.
- Motivate children to do steep learning for future needs like employment, rationality, and life decisions.
- Frame creative assessments like quizzes, questionnaires, games, role plays, etc.
Who Are the Receivers of the Mission?
The beneficiaries of the Nipun scheme are children from the age of 3 to 9 years. It includes students from preschool to class three. Children not having a foundational skill yet pursuing classes 4 and 5 will be provided peer help, tutor support, and extra required learning materials to foster their knowledge. NIPUN focuses on completing its given objectives by the government as well as private schools by 2026-27. This will prove to achieve gradual attainment of FLN skills.
The Right of Children to Education (RTE) Act, 2009 represents the legislation foreseen as per Article 21-A, stating that every child is rightful to full-time elementary education of adequate and equitable status in a formal school.
To Sum Up
Nipun Bharat Mission, launched under NEP 2020, aims for each child in India to get foundational numeracy and literacy by the completion of Grade 3. This scheme will escalate the efficiency and learning skills of children. This Yojna (policy) will increase the number of students qualifying for the primary, upper primary, and secondary levels. This will develop the foundational skills of children and gradually will lead to their overall holistic development.