This post was most recently updated on April 3rd, 2021
The organizations conduct interviews and written tests for the candidates aspiring to join the organization. They should test the aptitude of the candidates joining the organization. Many organizations conduct aptitude tests that consists of numeracy skills, reasoning skills, vocabulary and analytical skills. If the candidate passes the aptitude test, then they conduct personal interview. Then, the most efficient and skilled candidates are selected to the organization. some organizations also conduct a round of group discussion. The procedure of recruitment is lengthier and complicated and they should select the most efficient and diligent candidates to the organization. now-a-days the organizations do not focus upon intelligence levels of a candidate, but also the behavioral aspects. The candidate be optimistic to resolve any complicated issues of the organization. only the candidates who think positively can uplift the organizations. So, the organizations conduct psychometric test to test the behavioral aspect of the candidate.
Accessing the psychological aspects of the candidates:
These tests are conducted to test the characteristics of the candidates. These tests are categorized into positive personalities and negative personalities.
The employers should also access the behavioral aspects of the candidates because these tests show the ability of the candidate to adapt to the organization and resolve problems. Such candidates can find innovative solutions to every problem of the organization.
The organizations should test four aspects of the candidates namely the positive personality, dark personality, preferences and motivation, and cognitive ability of the candidate.
The candidates should possess some characteristics to uplift the organization. the positive personality includes five characteristics that are essential to the organization for its growth. The five traits include conscientiousness, openness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism.
These traits are useful to the organization to deliver the optimal result. They determine different factors of an individual such as the job performance, job-related outcome and their responsiveness to training.
A person should reveal his characteristics of openness and should be willing to undertake any challenge or acquire experience in life. If you want to become successful in life, you should be willing to accept any confronting challenges and also should possess the ability to overcome failure.
The person should also possess the characteristic of conscientiousness and should be organized and should be able to analyze information. The person should possess discipline in life.
Extraversion refers to the degree of being outspoken and outgoing. You should be willing to explore the outer world and learn about various aspects such as lifestyle, culture, way of working, etc. The person should be energetic and should possess the intrinsic energy to perform any task.
Negative side of the personalities :
The candidates should not possess certain personalities because they are harmful to the organization. they create an impact upon the employees, employers and the other stakeholders of the organization. the candidates of the organization should always ensure to safeguard the work culture of the business and ensure safety to the organization.
The dark traits of the organization include opportunism, self-obsession, temperamental, insensitivity, thrill seeking and impulsiveness.
The candidates should be competitive but should not become opportunists. Such candidates tend to be deceitful and exploit others. The candidates who are loyal feel depleted and helpless after a period. So, such candidates may urge the best candidates to leave the organization.
The candidates should not possess the trait of self-obsession because they should work for the benefit of the organization. they should focus upon the problems of the organization and serve the organization in a devoted manner. If they are selfish and always seeking for attention, then they cannot think about benefitting the organization. They may also indulge in malpractices to centralize wealth.
The organizations conduct psychometric test to judge some of the negative traits of the candidates that are harmful also.
Some candidates are too insensitive towards the feelings and sentiments of others. Such candidates cannot contribute to success of the organization as they create disharmony and discourage the other candidates of the organization. They hurt the feelings and sentiments of the other people of the organization and hence create disturbances everywhere.
Some candidates are thrill seeking and perform certain activities that are risky but yet rewarding. But sometimes, such candidates can also perform activities that are illegal and tarnish the image of the organization.
Understanding the motivation and preferences of the candidates:
The candidates always use motivational strategies for the business and hence they should understand the factors that motivate the candidates. The eight main motivational factors of the organization include sustainability needs, that includes money and security.It measures the degree of relatedness that includes recognition, competition and afflation. The growth needs of an organization include achievement, power and advancement. They conduct a 10-minute motivator test for the students.
So, they can establish a relationship between employee engagement and motivators. So, they can improve relationships between employees.
The organizations should also conduct cognitive ability of a candidate. The candidates cannot realize the capacity of the candidate merely conducting aptitude test. So, they employ software to critically test the intelligence level of the candidate. The two types of reasoning are fluid reasoning and crystallized reasoning.
The fluid reasoning refers to the ability of the candidate to absorb information and solve problems in a new environment. It includes abstract reasoning power, spatial reasoning power and visual reasoning. The abstract information is the ability to recognize patterns, sequences and designs. The spatial reasoning refers to the ability to establish relationship between the two objects and remember the position of the objects. The visual reasoning ability refers to the ability to perceive visual information and memorize the pictures they see around them.
They also test the crystallized reasoning capacity of the candidate. It refers to their ability to retrieve information and use the given information to perform certain tasks. it includes various aspects such as language and comprehension, logical and critical thinking, problem solving and decision making and judgment. The candidates should possess abilities to understand language and its aspects. The candidate should be able to think logically about any aspect. They should be able to solve problem using the information effectively. The candidates should possess decision-making capacity.