# Tokenomics: Game Theory & Token Types

Tokenomics is a rapidly evolving field that combines economics, game theory, and computer science to create robust economic systems that utilize tokens. Tokenomics refers to the examination of the development and utilization of tokens in decentralized networks. Game theory is often used to analyze tokenomics, as it aids in comprehending the tactical actions of diverse participants in a network, as well as the possible consequences of various token design decisions. In this short article, we will explore some basic game theory examples and token types that are commonly used in tokenomics. If you prefer the longer version, you may read the original blog post about tokenomics on the blokk.studio website: Game Theory, Examples and Token Types

## Game Theory Examples

Game theory is a branch of mathematics that studies decision-making in strategic situations, where one person’s decision affects the outcome of another person’s decision. In tokenomics, game theory is used to design incentive structures that encourage desired behavior from token holders. Here are some examples of game theory and its use in tokenomics:

1. Prisoner’s Dilemma: This is a classic game theory example that demonstrates how rational individuals can make decisions that lead to suboptimal outcomes for the group. In tokenomics, the Prisoner’s Dilemma can be used to model situations where token holders are incentivized to act in their own self-interest rather than the interest of the network. The crucial inquiry is whether everyone possesses equal information, leading to the question of which option they will select. Ideally, neither prisoner would confess, resulting in the best possible outcome. Nonetheless, according to the game theory model, both prisoners are likely to confess since they lack any knowledge of their counterpart’s decision and opt to hedge their bets, ultimately converging on the intermediate outcome.
2. Chicken Game: The Chicken Game is another classic game theory example that involves two players who each have the option to either “swerve” or “continue straight”. In tokenomics, the Chicken Game can be used to model situations where token holders are incentivized to take risks that benefit the network.
3. The Stag Hunt is a classic example of game theory where two players have to make a choice between hunting a stag, which necessitates cooperation, or hunting a hare, which can be pursued alone. In tokenomics, the Stag Hunt game can be employed to simulate scenarios where token holders are motivated to collaborate for the network’s advantage.
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## Different types of Tokens

Tokens are digital assets that are created and managed using blockchain technology. In tokenomics, tokens are used as a means of exchange, a store of value, and a way to incentivize desired behavior from token holders. Here are some common token types in tokenomics:

1. Utility Tokens: Utility tokens are tokens that are used to access a particular service or product. For example, Ether is a utility token that is used to pay for transactions on the Ethereum network.
2. DeFi tokens, fungible tokens, and cryptocurrency are all part of a growing world of blockchain-based financial systems. DeFi, short for Decentralized Finance, seeks to replicate traditional financial systems without intermediaries, enabling lending, saving, insurance, and trading. These tokens can be bought, sold, and traded on dApps. Cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH), are digital assets that can be used to pay for goods and services, and they run on decentralized networks of independent nodes that verify each transaction.
3. Security Tokens: Security tokens are tokens that are backed by real-world assets and are subject to securities regulations. Security tokens are often used in tokenized investment vehicles.
4. Governance Tokens: Governance tokens are tokens that are used to give token holders the ability to vote on network decisions. For example, MKR is a governance token that is used to vote on changes to the MakerDAO protocol.
5. Non-fungible Tokens (NFTs): NFTs represent the holder rights in relation to a unique digital asset. It is precisely the “uniqueness” that is probably the biggest difference to DeFi tokens. NFTs can be used, among other things, to manifest the ownership and originality of digital assets and to enable the trade of this digital good. For example, other unique virtual assets such as arts, scribble, sneakers, stamps, audio, etc. or even all purchasable digital goods in a metaverse or a videogame can be implemented as NFTs.