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What is a pool pump?


pool pump

The swimming pool pump is the lung of the pond filtration system. It creates the flow of water that allows the treatment products to circulate uniformly in the pipes, thus allowing effective sanitation of the water.  Powered by an electric motor, the pump sucks up polluted water, transfers it to the filtration system, and then pushes the clean water back into the pool. It, therefore, participates in continuously keeping the water in the pool crystal clear.

What is a pool pump used for?

The Poolking swimming pool pump ensures the proper functioning of the filtration system. Thanks to the suction, the discharge movement ensures that the water does not stagnate and does not accumulate impurities. The water current generated by the pump causes the dispersion of the treatment products in the basin and ensures their effectiveness. It also prevents the development of bacteria and algae by correctly mixing the volume of water in the pool. It is an essential element for the proper maintenance of the swimming pool.

What are the different types of swimming pool pumps?

Single-speed pool pump

It is the most used model among the different variants, due to its low cost. A single-speed swimming pool pump pumps pond water using only one constant speed. Whatever the degree of cleanliness of the water or the frequentation of the basin, the energy expenditure will always remain the same.

Two-speed pool pump

This model works with two fixed speeds: high and low speed.

Low-speed mode is more economical. It is to be favored at all times, because it allows the water to be filtered more slowly, without affecting the quality of the work.

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The high-speed mode is used when cleaning the pool when the number of bathers is high and during frequent swimming periods.Using a single-speed pump, compared to using a two-speed pump, can save up to 80% on the energy bill.

Variable speed swimming pool pump

This pump is equipped with a  programming system to optimize the filtration of swimming pool water. It operates at multiple speeds, making it easy to set up the right configuration for a pool. It can be programmed according to the needs of the pool.

·         For a backwash: choose a high speed.

·         For a pool with little traffic: select a minimum speed.

·         For intensive use of the pool and during the hot season: opt for high speed.

·         When handling a  hydraulic robot: choose the maximum speed to improve cleaning efficiency and time.

What are the characteristics of a swimming pool pump?

A  swimming pool pump consists of several components.

·         The pre-filter: located at the inlet of the pump, retains the largest impurities contained in the water. This element removes dirt from the turbine and prevents clogging of the filter.

·         The basket: this is where the impurities are stored.

·         The transparent cover: allows you to see the waste collected and to see if the water is moving.

·         The body of the pump: is made up of a  turbine whose role is to cause the movement of the water.

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·         The single-phase or three-phase motor: allows the start-up of the pump by driving the turbine. This electric motor is presented in several powers expressed in horsepower (CV) or in Kilowatts (kW).

·         The fan: it is used to cool the motor.

·         The bleed plug: it is used for draining during wintering.

·         The two ports: one connected to the suction line and the other to the filtration system.

·         The box: contains the electrical wiring and the capacitor.

How does the pool pump work?

The operating principle of the swimming pool pump can be summed up in a few steps:

·         The pump sucks up the dirty water using skimmers, bottom drains, and/or brush sockets, this is the suction circuit.

·         The pump transfers this water to the filter which rids it of all impurities.

·         The water leaving the filter is then clean and is discharged into the pool by means of discharge nozzles which are located on the opposite side of the skimmers, this is the discharge circuit.

·         Before returning to the basin, the clean water may go through a treatment to be disinfected or reheated by a  heating system.

·         This water, which will be polluted by bathers, will again be absorbed by the pool pump, then retransmitted to the filter and returned again, clean and purified, to the pool.


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