There is no competition with competitors instead there is development or improvement, so there is nothing like which is best ISRO or NASA they both are best at their places, both have their own positives and negatives, in this blog we are going to see about the introduction and development of both ISRO and NASA.
Table of Contents
In this blog we are going to discuss about the starting and development of both ISRO which is an acronym for The Indian Space Research Organization and NASA which is an acronym for The National Aeronautics and Space Administration. They both are top in the space field. The Indian Space Research Organization and The National Aeronautics and Space Administration both have their own mission and vision they both are at different race, so it is not good to compare both the companies The Indian Space Research Organization and The National Aeronautics and Space Administration based on their performance.
History of ISRO and NASA
Tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union were rising in 1947, barely two years after the end of World War II. After the war, both nations became Superpowers, yet there was conflict between their political ideas. Both nations were trying to acquire nuclear weapons as a result of the intense rivalry between them, which marked the beginning of the Cold War. Therefore, intercontinental ballistic missile development was occurring in both nations. a missile that may be used to transport nuclear bombs between continents.
Need for ballistic missiles
From America to the Soviet Union, or from the Soviet Union to America. To cover such long distances, these ICBMs had to launch a rocket into outer space. Both countries knew that if either country developed a technology which can get them into space, then the country would have a huge advantage in terms of weaponry. That’s why both countries were in fierce competition for getting into space first.
This marked the beginning of their competition for space. America first revealed its intentions to send artificial satellites into orbit in 1955. “Our desire to communicate its meaning is unaffected by other people’s attempts. We travel to space.” A few days following this declaration, the Soviet Union declared its intention to launch artificial satellites as well.
Two years later, in October 1957, the Soviet Union surpassed America in this race. They made history by launching Sputnik. World’s first artificial satellite. “Soviet Union has launched the World’s First Satellite, Sputnik. One month later, they launched another satellite, Sputnik 2.
This time, there was a living creature in the satellite, for the first time. A dog named Laika. America caught up to the Soviet Union in January 1958, when they launched their first satellite, Explorer 1. The competition between the countries was so extreme, the motivation so high, that space technology was progressing rapidly.
India in the race
In the meanwhile, an Indian scientist, Dr Vikram Sarabhai, was quite inspired by the development of space technology. Especially after the launch of Sputnik in 1957, he realized how important space development is for the development of a country. By 1962, he had convinced Jawaharlal Nehru, that India should have its own space program, this was the birth of ISRO. India is aiming to become the fourth space agency to reach the mythical sphere.
More than 16,000 individuals are employed by ISRO. It could be viewed as a distinct Indian organization. For the 1979 SLV 3 satellite launch vehicle, I was the project and mission director. I was in charge of putting the satellite in orbit. Indian National Committee for Space Research was the organization’s first name (INCOSPAR).
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister, created it under the Department of Atomic Energy. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai is today referred to as the Father of the Indian Space Program as a result of his nomination as Chairman. Resources and infrastructure at INCOSPAR were limited. This is the justification for the employment of bullock carts and bicycles to transport rocket parts.
India’s first rocket
In November 1963, only a year after INCOSPAR had been established, India launched its first rocket. This was a sounding rocket. A rocket that carries instruments to take various measurements. It was launched to study the electrons in Earth’s atmosphere. Back then it was supplied by NASA. After its successful launch, the Indian scientists got experience and learned from NASA, and then we made our own sounding rocket.
It was named Rohini 75. It was successfully launched on 20th November 1967. Some years later, on 15th August 1969, in India’s 22nd year of Independence, INCOSPAR was renamed ISRO.
In 1975, India launched its first artificial satellite. The Aryabhata the first satellite Aryabhata was launched into space The satellite was named after Aryabhata, who was a famous Indian astronomer, mathematician, in the 5th Century.” Unfortunately, Dr Sarabhai wasn’t alive to see this achievement. He passed away in 1971, due to cardiac arrest.
Dr. Satish Dhawan
Dr. Satish Dhawan served as the ISRO’s next chairman after Dr. Sarabhai. a mathematician and aerospace scientist with extraordinary talent. The Soviet Union was the country that launched the first satellite. Due to an agreement between the two countries, ISRO received assistance from the Soviet Union. New records were made and broken in the 1980s, the following decade.
India has developed a successful satellite launch vehicle. Thus, the reliance on other nations for satellite launches came to an end. The Rohini satellite was launched using SLV-3, the first satellite launch vehicle. Following this, ISRO continued to develop a number of different satellite launchers. Thus, the reliance on other nations for satellite launches came to an end. such as the Polar Satellite Launch or the Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV)
So, the reliance on other countries for launching satellites ended. Such as Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV), or the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), which are used to send the satellites to geo-stationary objects.
Over the next 2 decades, the ISRO progressed exponentially. In 2008, the Chandrayan 1 mission was successful. India’s first mission to go to the moon. This was the turning point for the organization.
The world now knew ISRO’s potential. By 2013, India’s first Mars orbiter mission was launched, India became the first country to enter Mars’ orbit in the first attempt. As a space agency, ISRO was counted among the top space agencies of the world. India became to be known as a space superpower.
This Mars mission was historic for several reasons. India was the fourth country to go to Mars’ orbit. And we did this at the cost of only $74 million. This is only a fraction of the cost incurred by others. The Hollywood film Martian had more budget than India’s mission. $108 million was spent on it.
Just four years before ISRO, in 1958, NASA was founded. However, over 1,000 unmanned flights and 245 orbital missions have been flown by NASA since that time. The biggest of them all occurred in 1969, when astronauts were first dispatched to the moon. During the Apollo 11 mission, Neil Armstrong became the first person to step foot on the moon.
The only country to have sent astronauts to the moon is still America. Additionally, the Indian Keplar Space Telescope has discovered thousands of exoplanets, or planets outside of our solar system. NASA assisted in placing the International Space Station, a spacecraft where people can live, work, and carry out spaceflight experiments, in lower Earth orbit.
NASA was established in 1958, in response to the Soviet Union. When the Soviet Union surpassed them, by launching its first satellite, America didn’t want to lag. They wanted to have their space program in a civilian capacity. Due to the fierce competition between the two, we witnessed so much innovation. Then the second reason is NASA’s goals.
If you look at NASA’s goals in detail, you’d see that their primary goal is to increase the knowledge of mankind. And to increase human presence in space. Compare this to ISRO, ISRO wasn’t built to compete with other countries. India wasn’t in a war with another country where India was pressured into developing ISRO, ISRO aims to develop space technologies for the socio-economic benefit of the country.
1. What is the full form of ISRO?
Indian Space Research Organization
2. What is the full form of NASA?
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration
3. When was ISRO was formed?
August 15, 1969
4. When was NASA was formed?
5. What is cold war?
a condition of political enmity between nations marked by threats, manipulative campaigns, and other tactics short of outright war.
6. What is ballistic missiles?
A missile that might be used to deliver nuclear weapons from one continent to the other.
7. When was INCOSPAR was renamed ISRO.
On 15th August 1969
8. India’s budget of mars mission
9. First artificial satellite of India
10. First rocket launched by India