Obstetrician Ian Donald and Tom Brown the famous engineer developed the first ultrasound prototype system in Glasgow in 1956, it was originally designed to detect flaws in ships during an industrial inspection.
According to Nicolson, ultrasound did not become widely implemented in British hospitals until the 1970s, but it became routinely used in Glasgow hospitals by the 1950s.
In the late 20th century, ultrasound imaging was routinely used in maternity clinics throughout the developed world. The technology has been extensively developed over the past 25 years.
However, the biggest concern is that doctors used to opt for ultrasound during pregnancy. Would it be helpful to perform ultrasound repeatedly during pregnancy? And would it be safe to both mom and child?
A typical ultrasonic imaging procedure involves bouncing high-frequency sound waves off of body structures or tissues, and detecting the echoes they reflect back.
The ultrasound imaging of a human fetus inside the womb is used to confirm a pregnancy, determine the gender and number of the fetus, and identify fetal abnormalities such as microcephaly (a small head), kidney absence, and spinal problems.
An ultrasound scan involves projecting ultrasonic waves onto the abdomen of a pregnant woman. By judging the angle of the beam and the length of time it takes for echoes to return, one can obtain an image of what is happening inside the fetus.
At first, clinicians could see only the baby’s head with fetal ultrasound, but gradually, as their expertise developed, they could discern fine structures in the fetus.
The main benefit of ultrasound is that it is noninvasive. Millions of pregnant women have safely undergone the procedure. Concerns about its safety have occasionally surfaced, but these are more related to anxiety about technology in pregnancy.
“We can be confident that ultrasound is safe at the levels currently used for clinical investigations. No damaging patterns have been found,” declared by the prominent sonographer Nicolson.
It is known, however, that ultrasound waves can damage human tissue at high power levels. But unfortunately Researchers do not know exactly at what level this occurs.
As we can see, the world is flourishing, and technology and science are developing at the same time
The ultrasound was used in the year of 19s for fetus abnormalities, but nowadays we can use the 3d and 4d ultrasound to find the gender of the upcoming child with 99% accuracy.
Currently, new technology called 3D and 4D ultrasounds is available in the market. These technologies not only provide the doctors with images, but also live video feeds of how the upcoming baby is moving under the mother’s womb and that makes ultrasound more accurate.
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