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Sarojini Naidu (born on February 13, 1879) was an Indian political activist, feminist, poet, and the first Indian woman to be president of the Indian National Congress and to be appointed governor of a state. This eminent woman was born in a Bengali family in Hyderabad.
She played an important role in the Indian Independence Movement. She was the former governor of Uttar Pradesh. She was an ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi.
Who is Sarojini Naidu?
Sarojini Naidu was the former governor of Uttar Pradesh. Also, the first Indian woman to be the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925. Sarojini Naidu was the eldest daughter of Aghorenath Chattopadhyay; her father was a Bengali Brahmin and the principal of Nizam’s College Hyderabad.
She was the eldest of eight siblings. Her brother Virendranath Chattopadhyay was also a revolutionary, and her brother Harindranath was a poet, dramatist, and actor. Their Family was well-regarded in Hyderabad. Sarojini Naidu followed her parent’s legacy, had a bright career, and began writing at the age of 12.
Sarojini Naidu Wiki:
|First Indian woman to be president
|Poet, Politician, Political Activist
|Date Of Birth
|13 February 1879
|2 March 1949
Sarojini Naidu Biography:
Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on 13th February 1879 to eminent linguist Aghornath Chattopadhyay and his wife Varada Sundari Devi. Her Father was also one of the first members of the Indian National Congress in Hyderabad. Sarojini Naidu was an intelligent student who showed fluency in Telugu, Urdu, Bengali, English, and Persian.
Sarojini Naidu was also a part of the Independence movement. She advocated for women’s rights and their empowerment. She inspired women all across the country to step out of their houses and take part in the nation’s quest to attain independence.
She was an important leader of movements like the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement and also got arrested many times. However, nothing reduced her love for the Nation. Sarojini Naidu was interested in writing poetry, while her father wanted her to be a mathematician.
Sarojini Naidu Age:
Sarojini Naidu was born on 13th February 1879 and died on 2nd March 1949 at the age of 70 years.
Sarojini Naidu Family:
The family heritage of Chattopadhyay was that of the Brahman class, originally from Bengal.
|Varada Sundari Devi
|Harendranath ChattopadhyayVirendranath ChattopadhyayBirendranath ChattopadhyayMarin Chattopadhyay
|Suhasini ChattopadhyayMrinalini Chattopadhyay
Sarojini Naidu Education:
At the age of 12, Sarojini Naidu received a lot of fame by topping the matriculation exams at Madras University, which led her to receive a scholarship from the Nizam of Hyderabad to study abroad. Then Sarojini Naidu went to study in England where she met her husband Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu.
Sarojini Naidu Physical Appearance:
Sarojini Naidu Career:
At the start of 1904, she became a popular orator and promoted Indian independence and women’s rights, mainly women’s education. In 1906, she addressed the Indian National Congress and the Indian Social Conference in Calcutta.
She earned the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal in 1911 for her social work for flood relief. Later, she returned it back in protest of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre (April 1919). In 1909, she met Muthulakshmi Reddy and Mahatma Gandhi in 1914.
In 1917, she with Reddy helped to establish the Women’s Indian Association. Later, she accompanied her colleague Annie Besant to advocate universal suffrage in front of the Joint Select Committee in London, United Kingdom. At that time, Annie Besant was the president of the Home Rule League and Women’s Indian Association. She also supported the Lucknow Pact.
Sarojini Naidu Personal Life:
Sarojini Naidu had an intercaste marriage with Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu, who was a South Indian doctor.
She met Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu at the age of 17 in England and fell in love with him. He belonged to Andhra Pradesh. They were married in 1898 in Madras. They had five children. Their daughter Padmaja also joined the Quit India movement. Even though he was a non-Brahman, the marriage was blessed by their kin.
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Interesting Facts about Sarojini Naidu:
- Sarojini Naidu was a child prodigy, freedom fighter, and poet who is known as the Nightingale of India.
- She was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman governor of Uttar Pradesh, India’s fourth-largest state.
- She was a wife and a mother as well.
- Women’s Day is celebrated on her birthday.
FAQs about Sarojini Naidu:
Who is Sarojini Naidu?
Sarojini Naidu is one of the prominent leaders of the Indian freedom struggle. He is known as a poet, political activist, politician, etc.
When was Sarojini Naidu born?
Sarojini Naidu was born on the 13th of February, 1879.
Where was Sarojini Naidu born?
Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad.
What is the work of Sarojini Naidu?
Sarojini Naidu is known for her poems like ‘Bazar of Hyderabad,’ ‘The Golden Threshold,’ ‘The Bird of Times, etc. She was the second woman who presided congress session of Kanpur in 1925.
Who is called the Nightingale of India?
Sarojini Naidu is called The Nightingale of India because of her beautiful poems.
What is the birth sign/zodiac sign of Sarojini Naidu?
Sarojini Naidu was born under the birth sign of Aquarius.
What is the Nationality of Sarojini Naidu?
Sarojini Naidu is Indian by nationality.
When did Sarojini Naidu Die?
Sarojini Naidu Died of cardiac arrest on the 2nd of March, 1949, in Luck now. She was the first women Governor of India at that time.
When did Sarojini Naidu Get Married?
Sarojini Naidu was married to Govindarajulu Naidu. She was previously known as Sarojini Chattopadhyay, a Bengali married to a Tamilian. The marriage was intercaste.
What can we learn from Sarojini Naidu?
We want deeper sincerity of motive, greater courage in speech, and earnestness in action. When there is oppression, the only self-respecting thing is to rise and say this shall cease today because my right is justice. If you are stronger, you have to help the weaker boy or girl both in play and in the work.
Here we see all about Sarojini Naidu, “The Nightingale of India”; her spectacular life and courage make her the role of the Indian woman. She is still an inspiration for all the women. She never let anything become her weakness and achieved everything that she wanted to as a woman. She empowered and has set an example which is still followed to this day.