This post was most recently updated on July 23rd, 2023
Nasiruddin Humayun (born on 6 March 1508), popularly known as Humayun, became the second emperor of the Mughal Dynasty; he performed a significant role in shaping the empire’s destiny and establishing its prominence in the Indian subcontinent. Although Humayun’s reign became fraught with demanding situations, which included numerous military defeats and political upheavals, his perseverance and determination eventually paved the way for the flourishing of the Mughal Empire under his son, the mythical Emperor Akbar.
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Who was Humayun?
Humayun became the second emperor of the Mughal Dynasty; he performed an important role in shaping the Mughal Empire’s dynasty and organizing its prominence inside the Indian subcontinent. . Although Humayun’s reign was fraught with challenges, together with numerous military defeats and political upheavals, his perseverance and determination, in the end, paved the way for the flourishing of the Mughal Empire beneath his son, the legendary Emperor Akbar. Humayun dominated from 1530 to 1540 and once again from 1555 to 1556.
|Real Name||Nasiruddin Humayun|
|Date of Birth||6th March 1508|
|Death||27th January 1556|
|Educational Qualification||Not Known|
Nasiruddin Mohammad Humayun was born on 6th March 1508 in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, to Babur and Maham Begum. He was born into a Muslim-Islam Family. Humayun was the eldest son of the primary Mughal Emperor, Babur. Growing up, Humayun received an excellent education and developed a deep passion for art, literature, and architecture.
In the year 1530, following the untimely demise of his father, Humayun ascended the Mughal throne at the age of twenty-two. His early years as emperor have been marked with the aid of inner dissent and external threats.
Humayun was born in Afghanistan in a Muslim Family.
|Mother Name||Maham Begum|
|Brother Name||Kamran Mirza, Askari Mirza, Hindal Mirza, Khalil Mirza|
|Sister Name||Gulbadan Begum, Gulzar Begum, Gulchehra begum, Fakhr-un-nissa, Masuma Sultan Begum|
|Wife/Spouse||Hamida Banu Begum, Bega Begum, Gunwar Bai|
|Children||Sons- Akbar, Mirza Muhammad Hakim, Al-aman Mirza, Ibrahim Sultan Mirza, Farrukh-Fal-MirzaDaughters- Bakshi Banu Begum, Sakina Banu Begum, Aqiqa Sultan Begum, Bakht un Nissa Begum, Amina Banu Begum, Jahan Sultan Begum|
Humayun was born on 6th March 1508 and died on 27th January 1556 at the age of 47 Years old.
Military Campaigns and Challenges
Humayun faced numerous military setbacks and challenges during his rule. In particular, the Afghan noble Sher Shah Suri emerged as one of his most formidable adversaries. Sher Shah not only overthrew Humayun but also established the Sur Empire in North India. Humayun’s exile in Persia lasted over a decade, during which he formed alliances with Safavid rulers and sought support to reclaim his throne.
Reclaiming the Throne and Legacy
Humayun regained his strength and returned to India in 1555, defeating the Sur Empire and reclaiming his title as Emperor. His second reign was marked by a newfound focus on governance, administration, and cultural patronage. Humayun’s reign laid the foundation for the Mughal Empire’s administrative structure and artistic grandeur, which reached its zenith during the reign of his son, Akbar.
Humayun died on 27th January 1556, at the age of 47 years.
Humayun Personal Life:
Humayun’s married life was characterized by his multiple marriages and the challenges he faced in maintaining political alliances within his family. Hamida Banu Begum, also known as Maham Anga, was one of his most prominent wives. She played a vital role in the upbringing of their son, Akbar, who would later become one of the greatest Mughal Empires. Apart from her, Humayun had several other wives, including Bega Begum, Gunwar Bai, and others.
Some lesser-known facts about Humayun:
- After being defeated by Sher Shah Suri, Humayun embarked on a challenging period of exile that lasted for nearly 15 years.
- While in exile, Humayun had a close-to-demise experience in 1555. He began climbing down the stairs of his library when he heard the call to prayer. As he grew to become to descend, he tripped and fell, narrowly avoiding a fatal fall.
- During his exile, Humayun became heavily influenced by the Persian lifestyle and courtly traditions. He acquired a deep appreciation for Persian art, Literature, and architecture, which later influenced the Mughal artistic style and cultural practices.
- Humayun had a keen interest in astrology and sought the guidance of astrologers on important matters. He often consulted them before embarking on military campaigns.
- Humayun was also known for his love of books. He had an extensive library which includes rare manuscripts and texts on various subjects, including history, astronomy, philosophy, and religion.
- Humayun had several wives throughout his life. The most prominent among them was Hamida Banu Begum, who later became the mother of Emperor Akbar, and Bega Begum, who commissioned the construction of Humayun’s Tomb in his memory.
Faqs about Humayun:
Who was Humayun?
Humayun was the eldest son of the first Mughal emperor, Babur; he played a critical role in shaping the Mughal Empire’s dynasty and establishing its prominence in the Indian subcontinent.
When was Humayun born?
Humayun was born on 6th March 1508.
Where was Humayun born?
Humayun was born in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan.
What was the age of Humayun?
Humayun was born on 6th March 1508 and died on 27th January 1556 at 47 Years old.
Who was the father of Humayun?
Babur, the first Mughal Emperor, was the father of Humayun.
What was the birth/zodiac sign of Humayun?
Humayun was born under the birth sign of Pisces, whose symbol is Two Fish.
When did Humayun breathe his last?
Humayun breathed his last on 27th January 1556.
Here we see all about Humayun’s life; despite facing numerous trials and tribulations, he left an indelible mark on the history of the Mughal Empire. With his perseverance and determination, he played a crucial role in shaping the destiny of the Mughal dynasty. Humayun’s reign laid the groundwork for the remarkable achievements of his successors, particularly his son Akbar.