Risks Of Gynecomastia Surgery that You Should Know

Gynecomastia Surgery

Gynecomastia surgery is an increasingly popular cosmetic procedure and may result in some bruising and swelling, though this will usually subside within several months, says our plastic surgeon.

1. Bruising and swelling

Bruising from surgery varies, and will typically subside over several weeks following most procedures.

Sometimes bruising may become more severe and be permanent; this is extremely rare and typically affects less than 1% of surgeries performed.

After gynecomastia surgery, you will wear a compression garment to help limit swelling. Jogging or other strenuous activities should be avoided for two to four weeks postoperatively as this can raise your blood pressure and increase the risk of reactive bleeding.

Doctor Bernard will contact you periodically throughout the first few days after surgery to ensure that your recovery is proceeding as expected and to address any concerns or questions that arise. Don’t be intimidated to contact him directly with any queries!

2. Pain and discomfort

While you are recovering from surgery, you may experience mild discomfort or pain that can be managed with medication like Tylenol or Ibuprofen for relief.

Pain levels vary based on individual tolerance for discomfort. Furthermore, they will depend on the extent of surgery you undergo.

After having gynecomastia surgery, a compression garment should be worn for several weeks to help reduce swelling and minimize post-op discomfort. Ensure it fits snugly but comfortably so as to not cause pain or hinder breathing.

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At least four to six weeks post-surgery, you should refrain from engaging in vigorous physical exercise unless directed by your surgeon. This period should also involve avoiding activities that place extra strain on the surgery site (running, heavy lifting and contact sports are some examples of activities that should be avoided), though walking may begin within the first week after surgery and cardiovascular activities such as brisk walking or riding a stationary bicycle may start soon afterward.

3. Discomfort with movement

One of the greatest difficulties patients have in recovering is knowing how long their process will last and whether the result will be worth the gynecomastia surgery cost. While you will likely spend your first three days in bed at the hospital, don’t think this has to be uncomfortable or disorienting – you will likely receive a prescription for pain medication along with rest as necessary, while some women may require additional medications post-surgery for depression or anxiety symptoms. It is advisable to schedule follow-up appointments with your primary care physician as soon as possible after returning home from hospital.

4. Infection

Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) are among the most prevalent infections following surgery and can have severe consequences, such as prolonged hospital stays, readmissions or an increase in healthcare system costs.

SSIs can occur in 2-5% of surgeries with an incision. While most often caused by Staph bacteria, other germs could also contribute to such infections.

Some superficial wound infections (SSIs) occur when germs get into your incision site’s skin layer and invade. Antibiotic treatment usually provides sufficient relief.

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Muscle and tissue wound infections, known as surgical site infections (SSIs), can become more serious. They can spread to organs or spaces opened during surgery – known as organ or space SSIs.


As part of post-surgery recovery, it is vitally important that your hands are kept clean. Furthermore, getting plenty of restful sleep allows your body to heal and rebuild itself after surgery, says our plastic surgeon.

Selim Khan

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